Some Linux distros now come installed with MariaDB instead MySQL. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL due to licensing fears by others about Oracle. Sun Microsystems bought MySQL and Oracle bought Sun for ownership of MySQL. Here are comparisons between MariaDB and MySQL. From InfoWorld, Dice, and SkySQL.
When adding an existing user to a group, be careful of using ‘usermod.’ If done incorrectly, you can remove a user from its existing groups. In my case, I used ‘usermod’ to add myself to the www-data group. Since I did it wrong, I lost ‘sudo’ access on the next reboot. I ended up booting up from a rescue CD and restoring /etc/groups. Thankfully, Ubuntu keeps a backup copy called /etc/groups-.
sudo usermod -G www-data username
sudo usermod -a -G www-data username
I was having a little trouble getting Laravel installed on a newly installed Ubuntu 14.04 LTS server. I’ve decided to document the whole process in hopes that I’ll use the documentation to good use once again sometime in the future. Who knows, someone will benefit from reading this. I’m not the only one that will be doing a Laravel installation on Ubuntu.
If you need to install Ubuntu from scratch, I recommend that use install LAMP and SSH because you’ll need those services to support Laravel. PHP, MySQL, Apache and SSH would be installed for you right out of the gate. In addition, I recommend that you install PHPMyAdmin for database administration.
# Install Tasksel sudo apt-get -y install tasksel # Install LAMP sudo tasksel install lamp-server # Install PHPMyAdmin sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin
In Ubuntu, the default document root is /var/www/. Before starting, let’s make sure we got the correct permissions for Apache, and for the user (you). This is to prevent so you don’t run into issues with write permissions on the document root.
Permissions for /var/www/
# Set group to www-data sudo chgrp www-data /var/www # Make it writable for the group sudo chmod 775 /var/www # Set GID to www-data for all sub-folders sudo chmod g+s /var/www # Add your username to www-data group sudo usermod -a -G www-data username # Finally change ownership to username sudo chown username /var/www/ # Your account shouldn't have any more permission issues
Let’s get the prerequisites taken care of before installing Laravel
sudo apt-get install php5-curl
sudo apt-get install php5-mcrypt
# Enable extension sudo php5enmod mcrypt # Restart Apache sudo service apache2 reload
# enable rewrite sudo a2enmod rewrite # restart apache sudo service apache restart
Install Laravel via Composer
Install Composer First
cd ~ curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php
Installer Composer Globally
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer
# your-project is your destination folder cd /var/www/ composer create-project laravel/laravel your-project --prefer-dist
Set up your Apache virtual host
# Copy default Apache conf sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default /etc/apache2/sites-available/laravel.conf # Edit laravel.conf and change DocumentRoot to /var/www/laravel/public sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/laravel.conf # Edit laravel.conf add the following and save. DocumentRoot /var/www/laravel/public <Directory /var/www/laravel/public> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> # Reload Apache sudo service apache2 reload # Disable default Apache conf sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf # Enable laravel.conf sudo a2ensite laravel.conf # Reload Apache sudo service apache reload
The cool thing about this example is, by setting up your /var/www permissions, you don’t need to change permissions to “app/storage” since you already have the correct permission to /var/www.
Finally, access Laravel from the IP address of your Ubuntu Server. The IP address of your Ubuntu server should be a static IP address. You can set this in the network config file called /etc/networking/interfaces.
So the only user I have in Ubuntu is no longer part of the sudoers group. How that happen? I have no access to root, and I don’t have admin access. Great. Very weird indeed. A bug?
If you want to know what version of Apache you’re running, do this command: